By San Duanmu
The interpretation of phonetic transcriptions from varied languages is a long-standing challenge. during this publication, San Duanmu proposes an answer that depends upon the suggestion of distinction: X and Y are assorted sounds if and provided that they distinction in a few language. He makes a speciality of an easy technique to interpret empirical info: for every phonetic measurement, all inventories are searched with a view to be sure the maximal variety of contrasts required. additionally, each strange characteristic or additional measure of
contrast is re-examined to substantiate its validity. The ensuing characteristic approach is strangely basic: fewer positive factors are wanted than formerly proposed, and for every function, a two-way distinction is adequate. however, the idea is trustworthy in that the thought of distinction is uncontroversial, the
procedure is particular, and the result's repeatable. The ebook additionally deals dialogue of non-contrastive adjustments among languages, sound sessions, and intricate sounds resembling affricates, consonant-glide devices, consonant-liquid devices, contour tones, pre-nasalized stops, clicks, ejectives, and implosives.
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A Theory of Phonological Features by San Duanmu