By Jeffrey Heath
Jamsay is the largest-population language between a few twenty Dogon languages in Mali, West Africa. this can be the 1st entire grammar of any Dogon language, together with a whole tonology. The language is verb-final, with topic contract at the verb and without different case-marking. Its such a lot amazing characteristic is the morphosyntactically caused use of stem-wide tone-contour overlays on nouns, verbs, and adjectives. All stems have a lexical tone contour resembling H[igh], L[ow]-H, HL, or LHL with at the least one H-tone. An examination of tone overlay is tone-dropping to stem-wide all-L. this is often used for Perfective verbs (in the presence of a focalized constituent), and for a noun or adjective ahead of an adjective. it's also used to mark the pinnacle NP in a relative clause (the head NP isn't really extracted, so this can be the single direct indication of head NP status). The verb in a relative clause is morphologically a participle, agreeing with the top NP in humanness and quantity, instead of with the topic. "Intonation" is used grammatically. for instance, NP conjunction 'X and Y' is expressed as X Y, with out a conjunction, yet with "dying-quail" intonation on either conjuncts.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Jamsay (Mouton Grammar Library [MGL])
A Grammar of Jamsay (Mouton Grammar Library [MGL]) by Jeffrey Heath